From infancy to older age, we rely on gross/fine motor skills to conduct our activities of daily living (ADLs). Though babies often learn these skills as they grow, developmental delays, congenital defects, injuries or other illnesses may make it difficult to grow and learn appropriately.
Similarly, when an adult experiences a physical injury, dysfunction or other health condition that limits their independence with ADLs, they may need to relearn those performance skills again to regain or maintain as much independence in their daily occupations.
Occupational therapy uses assessments to implement intervention plans to develop, learn or promote meaningful movements and activities that benefit both children and adults.
The Role of Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapy enhances a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks and improve daily life. With children, occupational therapy helps them to excel in milestone development, school work such as handwriting, ADLs such as feeding and dressing. Occupational therapy encourages play skills with children of the same age group to boost their confidence and build social skills.
The average adult understands and performs gross/fine motor skills and daily living occupations without issue. However, conditions such as stroke or physical injury may impact performance of daily routines. Such as an elbow fracture. A patient may not be able to move their upper extremity to pull their pants on as before or use both upper extremities to cut their food when eating as before the injury. Therefore, performance skills lost as a result of a medical condition or injury, need to be relearned again. Adults undergoing occupational therapy treatment may experience relearning basic daily living activities like:
What Does An Occupational Therapist Help With?
Occupational therapy is an excellent treatment option for infants, children, and adults. A therapist specializing in this field works to identify the deficits a patient is experiencing as well as the severity to formulate a treatment plan to get you back to normal life. Occupational therapists help with: